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Understanding Those Aches and Pains in Your Body

Pain is a part of life. You’ll find that pain comes and goes throughout your life, but it’s always there to some extent. Whether it’s the sharp pain from a recent injury, an ache in your head after a long and stressful day, that pain you get when your muscles are sore, or the cramping pain women experience each month, discomfort is inevitable and learning how to deal with it is necessary.

Understanding the various pains will help you to know how to cope with them, deal with the pain, and even prevent it.

Types of Pain

There are three basic types of pain:




Acute Pain — This is the sort of pain that you experience when you get injured, and it is usually a short, sharp pain. Think about those times that you sprained your ankle, got punched, or received a cut – these are all forms of acute pain. Anything that involves a trauma or injury to your body can cause this type of pain, as can disease and inflammation. This type of pain usually disappears within a short amount of time as the body repairs the damage done.

Recurrent Pain — There are certain pains that come and go frequently, such as headaches, muscle pains, or joint pains. These types of pains are known as recurrent pains, and they are fairly sporadic. The pain is usually short-lived, but it will recur regularly until you address the problem causing the pain.

Chronic Pain — Chronic pain is any form of pain that lasts for a long time. Pain is considered “chronic” usually after 3 to 6 months of persisting, such as in the case of joint pain, back pain, or muscle pains. This type of pain often resistant to medication and treatments, and it can be debilitating. Chronic pain often manifests as a symptom of a disease or disorder, and both stress and environmental factors can make it worse.

How Pain Works

PMIR Medical Center explains pain in a very simple way:

Step 1: Pain is caused by a trauma, injury, surgery, disease, or inflammation.

Step 2: The nerve endings at the source of the pain pick up the signals, and transmits the signals through the nerves.

Step 3: The pain signals travel up the nerves to the spinal cord, where the nerves are all bundled up into the nervous system superhighway connected straight to the brain.

Step 4: The pain signals reach the brain, registering the sensation of “ouchie”.

In the case of chronic or consistently recurring pain, the nerves in the spinal cord and nerve endings at the injured spot can become very sensitive – picking up non-existent or mild pain signals and blowing them out of proportion in the sense receptor portion of the brain.

Dealing with Pain

shutterstock_136923536For acute pain, apply PRICE treatment (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) as needed, and visit your doctor to find out what is causing the pain. Burns, cuts, broken bones, and other forms of acute pain may need medical attention if they are very severe, or you can treat them at home yourself.

For chronic and recurring pain, visit your doctor to see what medications or treatments he will recommend. Some pains will require the use of strong narcotics, while nerve blockers will be used in other cases. Surgery may be needed to deal with whatever is causing the pain, or physical therapy will be recommended. Cognitive behavioral therapy and psychological counseling can often deal with chronic pains that are psychosomatic in nature, while alternative treatments like acupuncture, biofeedback, meditation, and special relaxation techniques may be recommended to help you deal with chronic pain.

Caring For Your Elderly Loved Ones at Home

When looking after a relative who may need help after medical attention or as they become older in age, you can have the chance to help them live their life to the fullest and help them be as comfortable as possible. One solution is at-home care.  In some cases as relatives become older, they will need to use a catheter. A catheter is a medical device that is inserted in the body often for cardiovascular, gatronomical, and the most common, urological. Urinary catheters are used to help drain fluid from the bladder. By giving proper care to a relative who uses a catheter, you can help them be comfortable and avoid any illnesses caused by catheter neglection with urianry catheters.

Helping Your Relative to Use a Catheter

When helping your relative or another person to use a catheter, proper care is a must. This means keeping the instruments and the area clean and steralized. A proper clean area includes wearing gloves and keeping the catheter and the skin clean with soap and water each time the catheter and bag is changed. One type of catheter that is often used is a balloon catheter. A ballon catheter is simple and easy to use catheter that is inflated once inside the body cavity and deflated in order to remove.

After a catheter is placed inside a bladder, it is best that your relative avoids intense physical activity for a week or two. Throughout the day it is best to check the catheter and bag to make sure that the instruments are properly functioning. Be sure that the bag is below their waist, do not disconnect the bag from the catheter more than is necessary, look out for kinks or bending of the tube connecting to the bag, and be sure that your relative is drinking plenty of water throughout the day.

How to Avoid Illnesses Caused by Catheter Neglection

Again, by properly cleaning the instruments and the skin each time the catheter is removed and the bag is replaced, you can help decrease the risk of illness. However, a urinary tract infection (UTI) is very common when a person uses a catheter and there if you should notice any of the following, it is recommended to call a doctor:

  • Urine smells bad, the color is cloudy, there are stones, or if you notice blood in the urine.
  • Experience of pain in lower back, sides or in the bladder.
  • The urine bag fills very quickly and needs to be changed more often than it should be.
  • Pain is experienced around the catheter or there is any leaking of the catheter.

Helping Your Relative Live a Fulfilling Life

At times, your relative may feel  tied down by their catheter and believe that they cannot participate in the same activities that they once did before.  Catheters are meant to help patients live comfortably and therefore should not hinder doing daily activities that such as light exercising or even traveling.  One way a patient can continue to enjoy daily activities is by using a leg bag, which is a discreet way to way to wear the bag under pants or shorts and helps to allow daily movement.


However, driving is not suggested as the tubes may become entangled with anything in the vehicle and thus hindering their driving ability. Because a bag must be kept above the patients waist, daily activities except for swimming can be done.  Daily walks can be helpful depending on how they are feeling during the day, but again intense exercise is not recommended one to two weeks after the catheter is inserted.

As a relative, you play an important role in your loved one’s life ensuring that they are as comfortable as they can be while living with a catheter. With proper care, daily light exercise, and good nutrition, they can continue to live a life to the fullest.

Choosing The Best Mattresses For All Ages

Mattresses and other sleeping accessories matter. They determine the quality of your sleep. People spend about a third of their lives sleeping. It is not surprising that sleep is important for our health. Sleep deprivation can cause some serious medical consequences. People who suffer from it tend to drink too much coffee and suffer from sour moods. Low-quality sleeping accessories may cause sleep discomfort and back pains. A good mattress can make a big difference. People of all ages need to get enough rest and the right sleeping accessories can improve the quality of sleep.

A healthy sleep is a determining factor of a healthy lifestyle. Find out more about appropriate sleeping accessories for different age groups:

The best crib mattress for your baby


It is a well-known fact that babies have a very gentle sleep. A cozy mattress would support your baby’s bones, yet the mattress should not be too soft. It is up to you to decide what kind of mattress to choose: innerspring or foam mattress. Foam mattresses are inexpensive and incredibly light, whereas, innerspring mattresses are durable and firm. You can also choose an organic alternative made of wool or cotton. Some parents don’t want to expose their children to chemicals and artificial materials. That is why they are ready to pay the high price for an organic mattress. Some mattresses can be toxic and even cause allergies.

Avoid buying second hand baby mattresses as they may carry bacteria and fungus infections from the baby who slept on it before. Keep in mind that only certified mattress match safety and health requirements. Choose wisely and get only the best mattress for your baby.

Mattresses for your elderly relatives

Many elderly seniors suffer from the lack of sleep. A right mattress can guarantee them a restful night.

There is a common belief that people tend to sleep less with aging. However, this may not be true, as elderly simply don’t get enough sleep due to their health conditions. You need to take into consideration the sleep history of your relatives before you decide to buy mattress for your grandparents. Adjustable mattress will be perfect for people who suffer from circulatory problems, whereas a firm mattress will prevent any lower back pains.  Talk to the doctor before you decide to buy a mattress for your elderly relatives.


Choosing a mattress for adults

You are the one who knows what’s best for you. Some people enjoy stiff surfaces, others prefer softer textures. It is all about personal preferences. You need to go though several stores before you decide to buy a mattress. Don’t buy the first one you tried. Give it a time and some thought. Try testing several kinds, lay on them for at least 15 minutes. This is a major purchase and you don’t want to make a mistake by buying the wrong kind of a mattress.

The right mattress will make you feel relaxed and rested, and give you enough energy for the day.